Treaty Land Entitlement


Treaty Land Entitlement


On September 22, 1992, twenty-five Saskatchewan First Nations signed the Saskatchewan Treaty Land Entitlement (TLE) Framework Agreement (FA). That same day Nekeneet signed a similar but separate agreement. Mosquito and Ochapowace First Nations are the only two original 1992 signatories who have not yet achieved their Shortfall Acre amount.

Since 1992, an additional seven First Nations have signed settlement agreements based on the terms in the Framework Agreement.   They are: Cowessess (1996); Carry-the-Kettle (1996); Kawacatoose (2000); Sturgeon Lake (2007); Muskoday (2007); George Gordon (2008); and, Pasqua (2008). Of these seven First Nations; the Muskoday, George Gordon and Pasqua First Nations have not yet achieved their Shortfall Acres.

The total value of all TLE settlements to date (Framework Agreement and post-Framework) is $595,505,684.83. The 33 TLE First Nations are to acquire a total of 2,277,325.30 acres; of that amount 547,667.02 are Shortfall Acres and 1,729,658.28 are Equity Acres.

As of January 6, 2015, the Saskatchewan Region has added 1,007,978 acres to reserve pursuant to claims and settlements since 1973. Of those 1,007,978 acres, a total of 835,700 acres have been added to reserve pursuant to TLEs based on the 1992 Framework Agreement and 58,789 acres pursuant to other Specific Claims since 1990.  Of the amount of 835,700 TLE acres, 39%, or approximately 326,700 acres, has been Provincial Crown land. The remaining approximately 509.000 acres acquired and transferred to Reserve by TLE First Nations are freehold/private lands.

The other 113,489 acres include mostly TLEs between 1973 and 1992, before the TLE Framework Agreement was signed, which were settled using a current population formula called the Saskatchewan Formula. The First Nations settling under this formula included Black Lake, Fond du Lac and Lucky Man.

The TLE First Nations currently have a total 1,441,625.3 acres including both Shortfall and Equity acres which can be transferred to reserve. In addition, 141,000 potential acres could be added pursuant to other Specific Claims. From these two remaining amounts, the TLE and Specific Claim First Nations have selected and initiated 352,175 acres for additions to reserves but the process to convert those lands is not yet completed.

Additionally three other First Nations (Ahtahkakoop, Mistawasis, and Sakimay) are currently negotiating TLE settlements which will include additions lands to be added to reserve.

There are currently 51 urban reserves in Saskatchewan, with an additional 55 that have been initiated by First Nations.

The Lands & Resources Secretariat will continue to support and provide information, advice and assistance to the entitlement and Specific Claim First Nations on the issues they encounter as they implement their agreements.